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Malaspina Great Books Core Reading List
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From How to Read a Book (Appendix A)


  1. Homer (9th Century B.C.?)


  2. The Old Testament

    The Old Testament

  3. Aeschylus (c.525-456 B.C.)

    The Tragedies: Aeschylus

  4. Sophocles (c.495-406 B.C.)

    The Tragedies: Sophocles

  5. Herodotus (c.484-425 B.C.)

    The Histories

  6. Euripides (c.485-406 B.C.)

    The Tragedies: Euripedes

  7. Thucydides (c.460-400 B.C.)

    History of the Peloponnesian War

  8. Hippocrates (c.460-377? B.C.)

    Medical Writings

  9. Aristophanes (c.448-380 B.C.)


  10. Plato (c.427-347 B.C.)


  11. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)


  12. Epicurus (c.341-270 B.C.)

    Letter to Herodotus & Letter to Menoecus

  13. Euclid (fl.c. 300 B.C.)

    The Elements

  14. Archimedes (c.287-212 B.C.)

    Works of Archimedes

  15. Apollonius of Perga (fl.c.240 B.C.)

    Conics: Books I - III

  16. Cicero (106-43 B.C.)


  17. Lucretius (c.95-55 B.C.)

    On the Nature of Things

  18. Virgil (70-19 B.C.)


  19. Horace (65-8 B.C.)


  20. Livy (59 B.C.--A.D. 17)

    The Early History of Rome

  21. Ovid (43 B.C.--A.D. 17)


  22. Plutarch (c.45-120)

    Parallel Lives

  23. Tacitus (c.55-117)

    Agricola and Germania

  24. Nicomachus of Gerasa (fl.c. 100 A.D.)

    Introduction to Arithmetic

  25. Epictetus (c.60-120)


  26. Ptolemy (c.100-170; fl. 127-151)


  27. Lucian (c.120-c.190)


  28. Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

    The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: Selections Annotated and Explained

  29. Galen (C. 130-200)

    On the Natural Faculties

  30. The New Testament

  31. New Testament

  32. Plotinus (205-270)

    The Enneads

  33. Medieval

  34. St. Augustine (354-430)

    On the Teacher
    City of God
    On Christian Doctrine

  35. The Song of Roland (c.1150)

    Song of Roland

  36. The Nibelungenlied (c.1200)


  37. The Saga of Burnt Njal (c.1200)

    The Saga of Burnt Njal

  38. St. Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274)

    Summa Theologica

  39. Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)

    The New Life
    On Monarchy
    The Divine Comedy

  40. Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1340-1400)

    Troilus and Criseyde
    Canterbury Tales

  41. Renaissance

  42. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

    The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci

  43. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527)

    The Prince
    Discourses on Livy

  44. Desiderius Erasmus (c.1469-1536)

    The Praise of Folly

  45. Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)

    On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres

  46. Sir Thomas More (c.1478-1535)


  47. Martin Luther (1483-1546)

    Table Talk
    Three Treatises

  48. Francois Rabelais (c.1495-1553)

    Gargantua and Pantagruel

  49. John Calvin (1509-1564)

    Institutes of the Christian Religion

  50. Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)


  51. William Gilbert (1540-1603)

    De Magnete

  52. Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616)

    Don Quixote

  53. Edmund Spenser (c.1552-1599)

    The Fairie Queene

  54. Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

    Advancement of Learning
    Novum Organum
    New Atlantis

  55. William Shakespeare (1564-1616)

    Poetry and Plays

  56. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

    Starry Messenger
    Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
    Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems

  57. Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)

    Epitome of Copernican Astronomy
    The Harmony of the World

  58. Baroque

  59. William Harvey (1578-1657)

    On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
    On the Circulation of the Blood
    On the Generation of Animals

  60. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)


  61. Rene Descartes (1596-1650)

    Rules for the Direction of the Mind
    Discourse on Method
    Meditations on First Philosophy

  62. John Milton (1608-1674)


  63. Molière (1622-1673)


  64. Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)

    The Provincial Letters
    Scientific Treatises

  65. Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695)

    Treatise on Light

  66. Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677)


  67. John Locke (1632-1704)

    Letter Concerning Toleration
    Of Civil Government
    Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    Thoughts Concerning Education

  68. Jean Baptiste Racine (1639-1699)


  69. Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

    Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

  70. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716)

    Discourse on Metaphysics
    New Essays Concerning Human Understanding

  71. Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)

    Robinson Crusoe

  72. Jonathon Swift (1667-1745)

    A Tale of a Tub
    Journal to Stella
    A Modest Proposal
    Gulliver's Travels

  73. William Congreve (1670-1729)

    The Way of the World

  74. George Berkeley (1685-1753)

    Principles of Human Knowledge

  75. Alexander Pope (1688-1744)

    Essay on Criticism
    Rape of the Lock
    Essay on Man

  76. Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)

    Persian Letters
    The Spirit of the Laws

  77. Voltaire (1694-1778)

    Letters on England
    Philosophical Dictionary

  78. Henry Fielding (1707-1754)

    Joseph Andrews and Shamel
    Tom Jones

  79. Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

    The Vanity of Human Wishes
    The Lives of the Poets

  80. David Hume (1711-1776)

    Treatise on Human Nature
    Essays Moral and Political
    An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding

  81. Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

    On the Origin of Inequality
    On the Political Economy
    The Social Contract

  82. Laurence Sterne (1713-1768)

    Tristram Shandy
    A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy

  83. Adam Smith (1723-1790)

    The Wealth of Nations
    The Theory of Moral Sentiments

  84. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

    Critique of Pure Reason
    Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
    Critique of Practical Reason
    The Science of Right
    Critique of Judgment
    Perpetual Peace

  85. Classical

  86. Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)

    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

  87. James Boswell (1740-1795)

    Life of Samuel Johnson

  88. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794)

    Elements of Chemistry

  89. John Jay (1745-1829), James Madison (1751-1836), and Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804)

    The Federalist Papers
    Articles of Confederation
    Constitution of the United States
    Declaration of Independence

  90. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)

    Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
    Theory of Fictions

  91. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)

    Poetry and Truth

  92. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830)

    The Analytical Theory of Heat

  93. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)

    Phenomenology of Spirit
    Philosophy of Right
    Lectures on the Philosophy of History

  94. William Wordsworth (1770-1850)


  95. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

    Biographia Literaria

  96. Jane Austen (1775-1817)

    Pride and Prejudice

  97. Karl von Clausewitz (1780-1831)

    On War

  98. Romantic

  99. Stendhal (1783-1842)

    The Red and the Black
    The Charterhouse of Parma

  100. George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824)

    Don Juan

  101. Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

    Studies In Pessimism

  102. Michael Faraday (1791-1867)

    Chemical History of a Candle
    Experimental Researches in Electricity

  103. Charles Lyell (1797-1875)

    Principles of Geology

  104. Auguste Comte (1798-1857)

    The Positive Philosophy

  105. Honore de Balzac (1799-1850)

    Pere Goriot
    Eugenie Grandet

  106. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

    Representative Men

  107. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)

    The Scarlet Letter

  108. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859)

    Democracy in America

  109. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

    A System of Logic
    On Liberty
    Representative Government
    The Subjection of Women

  110. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

    The Origin of Species
    The Descent of Man

  111. Charles Dickens (1812-1870)

    Four Complete Novels

  112. Claude Bernard (1813-1878)

    Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

  113. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

    Civil Disobedience

  114. Karl Marx (1818-1883)

    The Communist Manifesto

  115. George Eliot (1819-1880)

    Adam Bede

  116. Herman Melville (1819-1891)

    Moby Dick
    Billy Budd

  117. Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881)

    Crime and Punishment
    The Idiot
    The Brothers Karamazov

  118. Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)

    Madame Bovary
    Three Stories

  119. Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)


  120. Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)

    War and Peace
    Anna Karenina
    What is Art?
    Twenty-Three Tales

  121. Mark Twain (1835-1910)

    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
    The Mysterious Stranger

  122. William James (1842-1910)

    The Principles of Psychology
    The Varieties of Religious Experience
    Essays in Radical Empiricism

  123. Henry James (1843-1916)

    The American
    The Ambassadors

  124. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900)

    Thus Spoke Zarathustra
    Beyond Good and Evil
    The Geneology of Morals
    The Will to Power

  125. Jules Henri Poincare (1854-1912)

    Science and Hypothesis
    Science and Method

  126. Modern

  127. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

    The Interpretation of Dreams
    Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis
    Civilization and Its Discontents
    New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis

  128. George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

    Collected Plays With Their Prefaces

  129. Max Planck (1858-1947)

    Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory
    Where Is Science Going?
    Scientific Autobiography

  130. Henri Bergson (1859-1941)

    Time and Free Will
    Matter and Memory
    Creative Evolution
    The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

  131. John Dewey (1859-1952)

    How We Think
    Democracy and Education
    Experience and Nature
    Logic, the Theory of Inquiry

  132. Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947)

    An Introduction to Mathematics
    Science and the Modern World
    The Aims of Education and Other Essays
    Adventures of Ideas

  133. George Santayana (1863-1952)

    The Life of Reason
    Skepticism and Animal Faith
    Persons and Places

  134. Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)

    The State and Revolution

  135. Marcel Proust (1871-1922)

    Remembrance of Things Past

  136. Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)

    The Problems of Philosophy
    The Analysis of Mind
    An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth
    Human Knowledge; Its Scope and Limits

  137. Thomas Mann (1875-1955)

    The Magic Mountain
    Joseph and His Brothers

  138. Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

    The Meaning of Relativity
    On the Method of Theoretical Physics
    The Evolution of Physics

  139. James Joyce (1882-1941)

    A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man

  140. Jacques Maritain (1882- )

    Art and Scholasticism
    The Degrees of Knowledge
    The Rights of Man and Natural Law
    True Humanism

  141. Franz Kafka (1883-1924)

    The Trial
    The Castle

  142. Arnold Toynbee (1889- )

    A Study of History
    Civilization on Trial

  143. Jean Paul Sartre (1905- )

    No Exit
    Being and Nothingness

  144. Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn (1918- )

    The First Circle
    Cancer Ward
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