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Malaspina Great Books Core Reading List
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From How to Read a Book (Appendix A)

    Antiquity


  1. Homer (9th Century B.C.?)

    Iliad
    Odyssey


  2. The Old Testament

    The Old Testament


  3. Aeschylus (c.525-456 B.C.)

    The Tragedies: Aeschylus

  4. Sophocles (c.495-406 B.C.)

    The Tragedies: Sophocles


  5. Herodotus (c.484-425 B.C.)

    The Histories


  6. Euripides (c.485-406 B.C.)

    The Tragedies: Euripedes


  7. Thucydides (c.460-400 B.C.)

    History of the Peloponnesian War


  8. Hippocrates (c.460-377? B.C.)

    Medical Writings


  9. Aristophanes (c.448-380 B.C.)

    Comedies


  10. Plato (c.427-347 B.C.)

    Dialogues


  11. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)

    Works


  12. Epicurus (c.341-270 B.C.)

    Letter to Herodotus & Letter to Menoecus


  13. Euclid (fl.c. 300 B.C.)

    The Elements


  14. Archimedes (c.287-212 B.C.)

    Works of Archimedes


  15. Apollonius of Perga (fl.c.240 B.C.)

    Conics: Books I - III


  16. Cicero (106-43 B.C.)

    Works


  17. Lucretius (c.95-55 B.C.)

    On the Nature of Things


  18. Virgil (70-19 B.C.)

    Works


  19. Horace (65-8 B.C.)

    Works


  20. Livy (59 B.C.--A.D. 17)

    The Early History of Rome


  21. Ovid (43 B.C.--A.D. 17)

    Works


  22. Plutarch (c.45-120)

    Parallel Lives
    Moralia


  23. Tacitus (c.55-117)

    Histories
    Annals
    Agricola and Germania


  24. Nicomachus of Gerasa (fl.c. 100 A.D.)

    Introduction to Arithmetic


  25. Epictetus (c.60-120)

    Discourses
    Enchiridion


  26. Ptolemy (c.100-170; fl. 127-151)

    Almagest


  27. Lucian (c.120-c.190)

    Works


  28. Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

    The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: Selections Annotated and Explained


  29. Galen (C. 130-200)

    On the Natural Faculties


  30. The New Testament


  31. New Testament

  32. Plotinus (205-270)

    The Enneads


  33. Medieval


  34. St. Augustine (354-430)

    On the Teacher
    Confessions
    City of God
    On Christian Doctrine


  35. The Song of Roland (c.1150)

    Song of Roland


  36. The Nibelungenlied (c.1200)

    Nibelungenlied


  37. The Saga of Burnt Njal (c.1200)

    The Saga of Burnt Njal


  38. St. Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274)

    Summa Theologica


  39. Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)

    The New Life
    On Monarchy
    The Divine Comedy


  40. Geoffrey Chaucer (c.1340-1400)

    Troilus and Criseyde
    Canterbury Tales


  41. Renaissance


  42. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

    The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci


  43. Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527)

    The Prince
    Discourses on Livy


  44. Desiderius Erasmus (c.1469-1536)

    The Praise of Folly


  45. Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)

    On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres


  46. Sir Thomas More (c.1478-1535)

    Utopia


  47. Martin Luther (1483-1546)

    Table Talk
    Three Treatises


  48. Francois Rabelais (c.1495-1553)

    Gargantua and Pantagruel


  49. John Calvin (1509-1564)

    Institutes of the Christian Religion


  50. Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)

    Essays


  51. William Gilbert (1540-1603)

    De Magnete


  52. Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616)

    Don Quixote


  53. Edmund Spenser (c.1552-1599)

    Prothalamion
    The Fairie Queene


  54. Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

    Essays
    Advancement of Learning
    Novum Organum
    New Atlantis


  55. William Shakespeare (1564-1616)

    Poetry and Plays


  56. Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

    Starry Messenger
    Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences
    Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems


  57. Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)

    Epitome of Copernican Astronomy
    The Harmony of the World


  58. Baroque


  59. William Harvey (1578-1657)

    On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals
    On the Circulation of the Blood
    On the Generation of Animals


  60. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)

    Leviathan


  61. Rene Descartes (1596-1650)

    Rules for the Direction of the Mind
    Discourse on Method
    Geometry
    Meditations on First Philosophy


  62. John Milton (1608-1674)

    Works


  63. Molière (1622-1673)

    Comedies


  64. Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)

    The Provincial Letters
    Pensees
    Scientific Treatises


  65. Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695)

    Treatise on Light


  66. Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677)

    Ethics


  67. John Locke (1632-1704)

    Letter Concerning Toleration
    Of Civil Government
    Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    Thoughts Concerning Education


  68. Jean Baptiste Racine (1639-1699)

    Tragedies


  69. Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

    Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
    Optics


  70. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716)

    Discourse on Metaphysics
    New Essays Concerning Human Understanding
    Monadology


  71. Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)

    Robinson Crusoe


  72. Jonathon Swift (1667-1745)

    A Tale of a Tub
    Journal to Stella
    A Modest Proposal
    Gulliver's Travels


  73. William Congreve (1670-1729)

    The Way of the World


  74. George Berkeley (1685-1753)

    Principles of Human Knowledge


  75. Alexander Pope (1688-1744)

    Essay on Criticism
    Rape of the Lock
    Essay on Man


  76. Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)

    Persian Letters
    The Spirit of the Laws


  77. Voltaire (1694-1778)

    Letters on England
    Candide
    Philosophical Dictionary


  78. Henry Fielding (1707-1754)

    Joseph Andrews and Shamel
    Tom Jones


  79. Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

    The Vanity of Human Wishes
    Dictionary
    Rasselas
    The Lives of the Poets


  80. David Hume (1711-1776)

    Treatise on Human Nature
    Essays Moral and Political
    An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding


  81. Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

    On the Origin of Inequality
    On the Political Economy
    Emile
    The Social Contract


  82. Laurence Sterne (1713-1768)

    Tristram Shandy
    A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy


  83. Adam Smith (1723-1790)

    The Wealth of Nations
    The Theory of Moral Sentiments


  84. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

    Critique of Pure Reason
    Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
    Critique of Practical Reason
    The Science of Right
    Critique of Judgment
    Perpetual Peace


  85. Classical


  86. Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)

    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
    Autobiography


  87. James Boswell (1740-1795)

    Life of Samuel Johnson


  88. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794)

    Elements of Chemistry


  89. John Jay (1745-1829), James Madison (1751-1836), and Alexander Hamilton (1757-1804)

    The Federalist Papers
    Articles of Confederation
    Constitution of the United States
    Declaration of Independence


  90. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)

    Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
    Theory of Fictions


  91. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)

    Faust
    Poetry and Truth


  92. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830)

    The Analytical Theory of Heat


  93. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)

    Phenomenology of Spirit
    Philosophy of Right
    Lectures on the Philosophy of History


  94. William Wordsworth (1770-1850)

    Poems


  95. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)

    Poems
    Biographia Literaria


  96. Jane Austen (1775-1817)

    Pride and Prejudice
    Emma


  97. Karl von Clausewitz (1780-1831)

    On War


  98. Romantic


  99. Stendhal (1783-1842)

    The Red and the Black
    The Charterhouse of Parma
    Love


  100. George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824)

    Don Juan


  101. Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

    Studies In Pessimism


  102. Michael Faraday (1791-1867)

    Chemical History of a Candle
    Experimental Researches in Electricity


  103. Charles Lyell (1797-1875)

    Principles of Geology


  104. Auguste Comte (1798-1857)

    The Positive Philosophy


  105. Honore de Balzac (1799-1850)

    Pere Goriot
    Eugenie Grandet


  106. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

    Representative Men
    Essays
    Journals


  107. Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)

    The Scarlet Letter


  108. Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859)

    Democracy in America


  109. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

    A System of Logic
    On Liberty
    Representative Government
    Utilitarianism
    The Subjection of Women
    Autobiography


  110. Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

    The Origin of Species
    The Descent of Man
    Autobiography


  111. Charles Dickens (1812-1870)

    Four Complete Novels


  112. Claude Bernard (1813-1878)

    Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine


  113. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

    Civil Disobedience
    Walden


  114. Karl Marx (1818-1883)

    Capital
    The Communist Manifesto


  115. George Eliot (1819-1880)

    Adam Bede
    Middlemarch


  116. Herman Melville (1819-1891)

    Moby Dick
    Billy Budd


  117. Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881)

    Crime and Punishment
    The Idiot
    The Brothers Karamazov


  118. Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880)

    Madame Bovary
    Three Stories


  119. Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)

    Plays


  120. Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)

    War and Peace
    Anna Karenina
    What is Art?
    Twenty-Three Tales


  121. Mark Twain (1835-1910)

    The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
    The Mysterious Stranger


  122. William James (1842-1910)

    The Principles of Psychology
    The Varieties of Religious Experience
    Pragamatism
    Essays in Radical Empiricism


  123. Henry James (1843-1916)

    The American
    The Ambassadors


  124. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900)

    Thus Spoke Zarathustra
    Beyond Good and Evil
    The Geneology of Morals
    The Will to Power


  125. Jules Henri Poincare (1854-1912)

    Science and Hypothesis
    Science and Method


  126. Modern


  127. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

    The Interpretation of Dreams
    Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis
    Civilization and Its Discontents
    New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis


  128. George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

    Collected Plays With Their Prefaces


  129. Max Planck (1858-1947)

    Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory
    Where Is Science Going?
    Scientific Autobiography


  130. Henri Bergson (1859-1941)

    Time and Free Will
    Matter and Memory
    Creative Evolution
    The Two Sources of Morality and Religion


  131. John Dewey (1859-1952)

    How We Think
    Democracy and Education
    Experience and Nature
    Logic, the Theory of Inquiry


  132. Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947)

    An Introduction to Mathematics
    Science and the Modern World
    The Aims of Education and Other Essays
    Adventures of Ideas


  133. George Santayana (1863-1952)

    The Life of Reason
    Skepticism and Animal Faith
    Persons and Places


  134. Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)

    The State and Revolution


  135. Marcel Proust (1871-1922)

    Remembrance of Things Past


  136. Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)

    The Problems of Philosophy
    The Analysis of Mind
    An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth
    Human Knowledge; Its Scope and Limits


  137. Thomas Mann (1875-1955)

    The Magic Mountain
    Joseph and His Brothers


  138. Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

    The Meaning of Relativity
    On the Method of Theoretical Physics
    The Evolution of Physics


  139. James Joyce (1882-1941)

    Dubliners
    A Portrait of the Artist As a Young Man
    Ulysses


  140. Jacques Maritain (1882- )

    Art and Scholasticism
    The Degrees of Knowledge
    The Rights of Man and Natural Law
    True Humanism


  141. Franz Kafka (1883-1924)

    The Trial
    The Castle


  142. Arnold Toynbee (1889- )

    A Study of History
    Civilization on Trial


  143. Jean Paul Sartre (1905- )

    Nausea
    No Exit
    Being and Nothingness


  144. Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn (1918- )

    The First Circle
    Cancer Ward
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